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We found that most stakeholders were supportive of progressive HIV/AIDS policies, but that their influence levels varied considerably.
Worryingly, several major state agencies exhibited some resistance or lack of initiative towards HIV/AIDS policies, often prompting international agencies and local NGOs to conceptualize and drive appropriate policies.
In view of such a multitude of stakeholders with potentially competing interests and agendas, the question arises who yields most power to shape HIV/AIDS policies in the country.
This article aims to address this question, which, to our knowledge, has so far not been explored in the academic literature.
The findings reported here are part of a larger study on HIV/AIDS policy-making in Kyrgyzstan in 2004–2011, which recognizes actors (stakeholders) as one of the key dimensions of policy-making (Walt and Gilson 1994).
For example, in 1997–98 articles on voluntary sex work and sexual contacts between men were removed from the Criminal Code, while in 2007 the amounts of drugs and psychotropic substances that individuals could possess without facing criminal charges were increased, aiding HIV prevention efforts among injecting drug users (Aidarov 2003; Jogorku Kenesh 2012; MOH 2012; SSDC 2013).
This progress is partly due to the global commitments Kyrgyzstan has entered, as it is a signatory of a number of international agreements on HIV/AIDS, including the 2001 United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and the 2004 Dublin Declaration on Partnership to fight HIV/AIDS in Europe and Central Asia (Murzalieva 2007).
Amnesty International welcomes today’s signing into law of the bill ratifying the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) without reservations by the President of Kyrgyzstan, Sooronbay Jeenbekov.
The bill will enter into force in ten days after publication.